1•（一） 部分否定与全否定:•Both of us are not VIP members. (=Not both of us are VIP members.)•All ads are not good .(= Not all ads are good.)••Neither of the twins has been to Beijing.•None of the s nts has/ h e seen the film•None of the stolen money has been found.
2•1. ---His s are both tall and handsome.• ---- But ____ of them are intelligent . You see, only Tom , the youngest , often gets “ A” s in school.•A . none B. not all• C. neither D. not both•2.(2012重庆卷21. )— John, when shall we meet again, Thursday or Friday?• — ________. I’ll be off to London then.• A. Either B. Neither • C. Both D. None•3. (2012全国卷I31). Larry asks Bill and Peter to go on a picnic with him, but ___ of them wants to, because they h e work to do.•A. either B. any C. neither D. none
3•二） none, nothing, nobody( =no one ) ,•---What orts do you like? ---None.•–How many s nts are there in the room? -- None•You said the books were on the ta e, but there were none there.•---What did he do this morning? ---Nothing.•---Who is in the room? ---No one (Nobody).•注意: nothing, no one ( nobody) 没有范围, 泛指; none有范围,特指.
4•1.(2012江西卷23．) My brother would like to buy a good watch but was aila e from that shop.•A．nothing B．none C．no one D．Neither•2.(2012江苏卷23. ) Sophia waited for a reply, but ________ came.•A. either B. another •C. neither D. none
5•（三） one, it , that•My friend has just bought a new car. I am also going to buy one next week.•I prefer the weather of Shanghai to that of Beijing.•My friend has just bought a new car. It costs him 200,000 yuan.• one / ones that / those•We think it important to learn En ish well.•I will appreciate it if you can help us.• like , dislike , hate +it + if /when 从句
6•1.(2012辽宁卷28. ) If you’re buying today’s paper from the stand, could you get for me?•A. one B. such C. this D. that•2. (2012浙江卷5.) Studying Wendy's menu, I found that many of the items are similar to______ of McDonald's.•A. those B. ones C. any D. all•3. (2012陕西卷13. ) No matter where he is, he makes _____ a rule to go for a walk before breakfast.•A. him B this C. that D. it
7•（四） each, either, every• There are trees on each/either side of the street.•You can sit on either end of the boat.• adj. either 两者• each 两者或 两者以上• every 三者或三者以上• each•Each of the two children has won a prize.•(不用every ,every 是adj)
8•(2012上海卷31. ) When he took his oves off, I noticed that one had his name written inside.• A. each B. every C. other D. another
9•（五） everyone 与every one, anyone,与anyone someone,与some one,•Everyone has strong and weak points.•Every one of us has strong and weak points.•Every one of the books is useful for learning En ish.•注意:everyone, anyone, someone, no one, everybody, anybody, somebody, nobody,皆指人, 不加of短语;•every one, any one, some one,可以指人,也可以指物,可加of短语.
101. ___ of us knows the reason why winter is colder than summer.A.Every one B. EveryoneC. Someone D. All2.We played several matches against the visitors, but unfortunately lost ____.A.one’s B. every one C. everyone D. someone
11•（六） other, the other, others, the others, another•He held a book in one hand and his notes in the other.•I h e finished this novel. Please give me another.•He is a person who likes to help others. (=other people)•Some are carrying water, others are watering the trees.•I h e got ten pencils. Six of them are red, the others are ue.(=the other pens)•To finish the work, I need another two days.(two more days.)•others = other people / things the others = the rest•除去已有的，表示“还有多少”，一般有三个结构：• ① another + 数量 + 名词；• ② 数量 + other + 名词；• ③ 数量 + more + 名词。• another two weeks• two other weeks 、 two more s nts
12•（七） no, not, any, some,•There is no such car in this neighborhood.•(=There is not such a car in this neighborhood)• one such thing• some such books
13•（八） 其他用法和搭配•He acts proudly, thinking himself to be somebody.•You see, no one listens to me. I am nobody•Much of the food has run out.•Many of the books h e been sold out.•I h e read much of the book•Nobody but he is often late for school.•I did nothing last night but lie down and sleep.•He is nothing but a fool.•The boat is anything but safe.•The arrival was none other than John, who we were talking ut. “就是；恰恰是”